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Burning controlled test fires


Contact the local fire department / authorities and clarify whether you are allowed to make a fire. Take precautions and make sure you can extinguish the fire. Do not leave hot ash in the forest.

Ensure the Fire department has been informed of the test fire. Also, as a precaution, have sufficient water available to be able to extinguish the fire after the test.

Note test fire material weight

Record the weight and type of material you plan on burning. You need this information for any follow up tests so you consistently use the same weight and type of material for each test fire.

  • Record the weight of the material you plan on burning for the duration of this test fire, including the material you plan on adding to keep the fire burning.
  • Record the type of material you plan on burning.

Burn test fire continuously for 30 minutes

After the sensors and Border Gateway has been deployed and the sensors have connectivity to the Silvanet network, you are ready to burn a test fire to generate smoke.


Use the Map view of the Silvanet Deployment app to find the ideal location for the test fire.

To burn a controlled test fire:

  1. Use a metal fire pit with a diameter of approximately 1 m and place it in the middle of the deployed sensors.


    A BBQ may not provide the appropriate level of smoke, nor duration.

    Controlled fire setup

    Controlled fire setup

  2. Start the test fire by igniting small, dry branches and slowly grow the fire.


    Do not use any artificial fire-lighter as these have a different chemical composition and set free other burning gasses that can create false measurements from the sensors. Ensure the fire does not send out sparks and that it consists mostly of smoke due to the burning needles.

    Burning test fire

    Burning test fire

  3. Burn the fire for approximately 30 minutes by using small branches to keep the fire going. Add smaller branches with needles on top of the fire. Constantly feed the fire with fresh material to ensure the fire continuously burns for 30 minutes.


    Ensure the fire is generating smoke rather than having a burning camp-fire style fire.

Ensure continuous exposure to smoke

Duration: Sensors need an exposure of 1-5 min of smoke exposure to trigger a Phase 1 process.

Visually confirm smoke from the fire reaches the sensors.

Ensure sensors have at least 1 minute of continuous exposure to smoke to trigger the ML model in the sensor. This model investigates the smoke to determine if it is fire smoke or from some other source.

Expect fire alerts

The expected time between the ignition of the fire and receiving a fire alert should be within minutes. You should expect a Fire alert in the Site Management app and receive a Fire alert email.

Fire alert on browser

Fire alert on browser

A blinking Fire alert icon in the map for the Site displays the fire's location.

Fire alert on map

Fire alert on map

Open the details of the fire by clicking the Fire alert Icon.

Record the results

During and after the test, document the results of the test. The record of the test results should include the following information:

  • Distance of sensors from the fire pit
  • Measurement of the amount of burning material used (weigh the material added to the fire during the burn)
  • Duration of the burn
  • Visual confirmation of smoke hitting the sensors (IDEALLY, AS A VIDEO)

The test conditions must be documented exactly. For example, document the wind direction, wind speed, changing winds and other environmental conditions which allows for an accurate evaluation of the reaction of the sensors.

Additionally, take videos and/or pictures of the fire during the test. They are useful during troubleshooting.

The results are useful for creating and updating the ML model with data from real-world tests.

Ensure fire is completely extinguished


Ensure that the burnt material has been put out thoroughly and there are no hidden ambers. This is to avoid a fire unintentionally starting.

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