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Quick start

Learn how to plan and deploy Silvanet devices in a in a forest.

This Quick start will guide you through the basic steps of preparing a simple deployment Packet and then deploying each Silvanet device type in a forest. These steps do not require an actual deployment of devices. In fact, you can choose any forest in the world to prepare an example Packet.

Introduction to Silvanet Suite

After completing this tutorial, you should be able to:

  • Use the Silvanet Site Management app to prepare deployment Packets

  • Use the Silvanet Deployment app to deploy Silvanet devices in a forest

  • View the status of deployed Silvanet devices in Silvanet apps

Prerequisites

You need the following before beginning this tutorial:

1. Login credentials to the Silvanet Site Management app.

2. Access to at least one Site provided in the Site Management app.

3. The Silvanet Deployment app installed on a smartphone (using the same login credentials as used with the Site Management app).

Step 1. Login to dryad.app

Your user credentials give you access to the Dryad Site Management app (dryad.app) and the Dryad Deployment app. You obtain these credentials from a user in your organization that has been given Admin rights to the Site Management app.

  • Username: Your username is your email address.

  • Password: A password which you set after receiving an email to setup your credentials.

Now that you have your user credentials, you are now ready to login and build a Packet using the Site Management app.

Note

For details, see Add new users in the description of the Site Management app.

Step 2. Scout the forest

Take time to visit the Site to scout for best device locations.

In an actual deployment, we recommend visiting the forest areas where the devices are to be deployed. By going to the forest, you can see the terrain and potential issues that might affect the range of devices, such as cliff faces, valleys, paths, roadways, rail lines, bridges, structures and other physical elements that need to be taken into account when planning deployments.

Scouting the site assists in planning the locations and number of the Border Gateways and Mesh Gateways and placement of sensors. As this Quick start provides an example deployment, see the following video for details.

Scouting the forest for locations

Step 3. Prepare the Packet

Prepare a Packet to plan where gateways and sensors should be deployed in the Site.

A Deployment Packet is a set of Silvanet devices to be deployed in a Site. Use the Packet Dashboard in the Site Management app to prepare Packets. Add devices to a Packet then find a location for the devices in the Site by placing device icons on an embedded map. When completed, the Packet becomes available in the Deployment app for use during deployment.

Note about Packets

In the example that follows, the result is a single Packet. However, we recommended that you prepare one Packet per device type with sufficient devices for one day's deployment.

Supported browsers for Site Management app

The Site Management app is currently designed for viewing in a browser. Support for Mobile viewing is currently in development. Use the latest version of Google Chrome, Microsoft Edge, Safari, or Firefox. Google Chrome is recommended. Internet Explorer mode in Microsoft Edge is not supported.

Select a Site

Once logged in to the Site Management app, select a Site from those available on the Site Management Dashboard. A Site groups together sensor devices and gateways within a geographical area or with similar characteristics.

  1. Open the Dryad Site Management app (dryad.app) and sign in using your username and password.

    Important

    If this is the first time logging in, you are required to change your password. However, you cannot change your username.

  2. After logging in, the Dashboard Overview page appears showing a summary of deployed sensors and gateway and a list of all available Sites. You may have only one site and no sensors or gateways deployed at this point.

    Dashboard Overview page

    Dashboard Overview page

  3. Select Sites from the side menu to open the Sites Dashboard, then from the available Sites select a Site. For this example, we have created a Site called Quick Start Guide.

  4. The Site Dashboard appears.

    Site Dashboard

    Site Dashboard

Add a Packet

  1. From the Site Dashboard, select Planning.

    Select Planning

    Select Planning

  2. In the Packet Dashboard, select Add Packet.

    Select Add Packet

    Select Add Packet

  3. On the Build Packets page, give the packet a descriptive name, then select Add devices to Packet.

    Name the Packet and then select Add devices to Packet

    Name the Packet and then select Add devices to Packet

Add a Border Gateway

Placing Border Gateways

  1. Select Add devices to packet.

  2. Select Border Gateway from the Choose device type dropdown, then in the Amount field enter the amount of Border Gateways to add (in this case, we are adding only one Border Gateway). Select Add.

    Add Border Gateway to Packet

    Add Border Gateway to Packet

  3. Center the map on the deployment location.

    Tip

    For this Quickstart you can search for any forested area as we do not plan to deploy the devices, only to demonstrate how it is done.

  4. Place the new Border Gateway on the map by first selecting the Border Gateway from the list of devices, then select Place on Map. The Border Gateway appears as gray (inactive) icon on the map in a default location.

    Place Border Gateway on map (default location)

    Place Border Gateway on map (default location)

  5. Drag the Border Gateway on the map to a location in the Site where the device has access to a power supply and has internet connectivity.

    Drag Border Gateway to deployment location

    Drag Border Gateway to deployment location

    Note

    Dragging the Border Gateway icon to the deployment location also updates the Latitude and Longitude values. These values are then saved to the Silvanet Cloud when the Packet is saved.

  6. Select Save to save the Packet to the Silvanet Cloud. The Site Management app saves the planned GPS coordinates of the Border Gateway to the Silvanet Cloud.

Add a Mesh Gateway

Placing Mesh Gateways

  1. Select Add devices to packet.

  2. Select Mesh Gateway from the Choose device type dropdown, then in the Amount field enter the number of Mesh Gateways required for the deployment (in this case we are adding only one Mesh Gateway). Select Add.

    Add Mesh Gateway to Packet

    Add Mesh Gateway to Packet

  3. Place the new Mesh Gateway on the map by first selecting the Mesh Gateway from the list of devices, then selecting Place on Map. The Mesh Gateway appears as gray (inactive) icons on the map in a default location.

    Place Mesh Gateway to map

    Place Mesh Gateway on map

  4. Drag the Mesh Gateway to a location on the map that is no more than 2-3 km from the Border Gateway (in this case we are placing the Mesh Gateway approximately 200 m from the Border Gateway for demonstration purposes only).

    Tip

    When dragging an icon, distances to other device icons appear. This allows you to precisely place the Mesh Gateway icon at the appropriate range from the Border Gateway icon. Measurements can be displayed using either the Metric system or the Imperial system. This is set in Settings from the login dropdown menu.

    Drag Mesh Gateway to deployment location

    Drag Mesh Gateway to deployment location

    Tip

    To make moving icons easier, select Full Screen mode to display the map in full screen mode.

    Full screen mode

    Full screen mode

  5. Select Save to save the Packet to the Silvanet Cloud. The Site Management app saves the planned GPS coordinates of the Mesh Gateway(s) to the Silvanet Cloud .

Add sensors

Placing sensors

  1. Select Add devices to packet.

  2. Select Sensor from the Choose device type dropdown, then in the Amount field enter the number of sensors to add, in this case we are adding 16 sensors. Select Add.

    Add sensors to Packet

    Add sensors to Packet

  3. Place the new sensors on the map by first selecting the sensors from the list of devices, then selecting Place on Map. The sensor icons appear as gray (inactive) on the map in a default location.

    Place sensors on map

    Place sensors on map

    Tip

    To make moving icons easier, selecting the Full Screen mode button displays the map in full screen mode.

  4. Drag the sensor icons on the map using a grid pattern (in this case the grid is approximately 50 m between sensors).

    Place sensor in a grid pattern

    Drag sensors to deploy locations

    Hint

    You can verify the distances between devices by selecting a device icon. Distances to the three nearest devices are shown on connecting lines. This helps you determine the device's distances to other devices.

  5. Select Save to save the Packet to the Silvanet Cloud. The Site Management app saves the planned GPS coordinates of the sensors to the Silvanet Cloud.

Save the Packet

  1. After completing the Packet, select Save to save the Packet to the Silvanet Cloud.

    Save Packet

    Save Packet

  2. Select Back to return to the Packet dashboard. The completed Packet appears in this list of Packets. This Packet also appears in the Silvanet Deployment app.

    Completed Packet

    Completed Packet

Note

Packets can be assigned to a user but is not necessary. All users who have access to the Site are automatically given access to all Sites and Packets.

Step 4. View the Packet

Use the Deployment app to view the Packet you just prepared.

Once a Packet has been built, log in to the Silvanet Deployment app using the same user credentials you used for the Site Management app. The Packet you just built appears in this app. This app allows you to use a Smartphone without having to carry around a laptop within a forest.

Install Deployment app

  1. Install the Dryad Deployment app on your Smartphone. Search for Silvanet Deployment on your Smartphone's App Store or Google Play, then follow the instructions to install the app.

    Install Silvanet Deployment app

    Install Silvanet Deploymenet app

  2. Ensure you have given Silvanet the appropriate permissions, including accessing the camera and access to mobile connections.

    Silvanet permissions

    Silvanet permissions

Sign in to the app

  1. Open the app and then tap Login.

    Select Login

    Select Login

  2. Enter your login credentials as provided to you from Dryad, then tap Sign In.

    Note

    Your login credentials are be the same you used to sign in to the Site Management app, including your updated password.

    Sign in to the Deployment app

    Sign in to the Deployment app

View the Site

  1. All Sites to which you have access appear. Your Sites view appears different, of course.

    Sites view in Deployment app

    Sites view in Deployment app

  2. Tap Quick Start Guide to view the Packet you just prepared.

    View Packet in Deployment app

    View Packet in Deployment app

    Note

    Pending indicates the Packet's devices have not be deployed.

Step 5. Deploy Devices

Deploy the Packet's gateways and sensors using the Deployment app.

Before deploying a Silvanet device on a tree or a pole, its Device ID needs to be registered with the Silvanet Cloud. This allows the Silvanet Network to know the exact GPS coordinates of the device and which device has been deployed at that location. This is done by using the Silvanet Deployment app to scan the device's QR Code which has been attached to the device.

About Device IDs

Before a Silvanet device is deployed, it must be registered with the Silvanet Cloud. This is done by using the Silvanet Deployment app to scan the QR code on the reverse side of the device. Each device has its own *Device ID* which identifies the Silvanet device to the Silvanet Cloud. The Device ID is printed on a label attached to the back of a Silvanet device. It is provided as a QR Code and a text string on the label.

Always Work in teams when deploying devices

For safety reasons, always work in teams of two when deploying devices in a forest.

Delivered devices

Each Border Gateway box includes: one Silvanet Border Gateway and Solar Panel, four treenails and two U-Bolt Clamps including 4 M10 nuts and washers, one 5 meter roll of Garden wire, LoRa antenna (North America: 915 MHz, EU: 868 MHz, Asia: 433 MHz), an LTE-M antenna, Satellite antenna and PoE Adapter. It also includes a power cable and an RJ45 CAT6 Ethernet network cable for use with the PoE.

Silvanet Border Gateway

Each Mesh Gateway box includes: one Silvanet Mesh Gateway, four treenails, two U-bolt Clamps, including 4 M10 nuts and washers, a LoRa antenna (North America: 915 MHz, EU: 868 MHz, Asia: 433 MHz) and a 5 meter roll of Garden wire.

Silvanet Mesh Gateway

Each box of sensors includes: ten Silvanet Wildfire Sensors, ten treenails and ten spacers.

Silvanet Wildfire Sensor

Find the deployment location

Ensure you have given Silvanet permissions to access the Smartphone camera. Ensure you have enabled Allow Silvanet to access your location, otherwise you can not access the Deployment map.

  1. Open the Silvanet Deployment app on your smartphone.

  2. Tap Quick Start Guide from the Site Packets page.

    View Packet in Deployment app

    Pending Packet in Deployment app

    A Pending notice appears to indicate the devices in the Packet are ready to be deployed.

  3. From the list of devices page, tap Start Deployment.

    List of devices

    List of devices

  4. The Site map appears showing the planned deployments of devices. A blue dot appears showing your current location.

    Selected device location

    Selected device location

  5. Use the map to move towards the deployment location of the device to be deployed. Your location appears as a blue dot on the map. When you have found the location, find a healthy tree closest to the deployment location.

  6. Tap the device icon to install that device.

Install Border Gateway

  1. Tap the Border Gateway in the Map view. The Border Gateway Install screen appears. Recall that a blue dot represents your current location. Move towards the deployment location.

    Tap Border Gateway icon

    Tap Border Gateway icon

  2. Tap Install, then scan the QR Code to register the Device ID. The QR Code is located on the label fixed to the back of the Border Gateway.

    Scan QR Code Border Gateway

    Scan Border Gateway QR Code

  3. (Optional) After the Device ID has been scanned, add a note about the deployment location in the Notes field.

  4. Tap Save. The Border Gateway's ID and actual location are saved to the Silvanet Cloud. The status icon for the Border Gateway should appear dark green (Active).

    The Latitude and Longitude of the location is saved to the Deployment app. If the Smartphone has mobile connectivity, the device's GPS coordinates are immediately synced to the Silvanet Cloud; otherwise, it does so once mobile connectivity is established.

  5. Attach the Border Gateway to a tree using treenails (or to a pole using the U-Bolt Clamps). Garden wire can be used to attach the gateway temporarily. Attach the solar panel to the same tree or pole using garden wire.

  6. Ensure the Border Gateway has a reliable power supply.

  7. Attach the antennas to the Border Gateway to complete the deployment. The LoRa antenna is attached to the connector on top of the device, LTE-M antenna on the bottom and the satellite antenna on the side.

  8. Run a Gateway connectivity test to ensure the Border Gateway has connectivity with the Silvanet Cloud.

Install Mesh Gateway

Pre-charge the Mesh Gateway

Ensure the Mesh Gateway is fully charged before entering the forest. This allows the gateway to connect to the Border Gateway and allows sensors to connect to the Mesh Gateway.

  1. Tap a Mesh Gateway in the Map view. The Mesh Gateway Install screen appears. Recall that a blue dot on the map represents your current location. Move towards the deployment location.

    Tap Mesh Gateway icon

    Tap Mesh Gateway icon

  2. Tap Install, then scan the QR Code to register the Device ID. The QR Code is located on the label fixed to the back of the Mesh Gateway.

    Scan QR Code Border Gateway

    Scan Mesh Gateway QR Code

  3. (Optional) You can add notes about the deployment location in the Notes field. Tap the Camera icon to take a photo of the Device ID using the camera on the Smartphone to take a picture of the Sensor ID label on the back of the device.

  4. Tap Save. The Mesh Gateway's ID and actual location are saved to the Silvanet Cloud. The status icon for the Border Gateway should appear dark green (Active).

    The Latitude and Longitude of the location is saved to the Deployment app. If the Smartphone has mobile connectivity, the device's GPS coordinates are immediately synced to the Silvanet Cloud; otherwise, it does so once mobile connectivity is established.

  5. Attach the Mesh Gateway to a tree using treenails. The Mesh Gateway can be attached using garden wire for temporary deployments.

  6. Attach the LoRaWAN antenna to the top of the Mesh Gateway.

  7. Allow at least one day for the Mesh Gateway to be fully charged.

  8. Run a Gateway connectivity test to ensure the Mesh Gateway has connectivity with the Silvanet Cloud.

Install sensors

  1. Tap a sensor icon in the Map view. The Install screen appears. Recall that a blue dot on the map represents your current location. Move towards the deployment location.

    Install sensor

    Install sensor

  2. Find a healthy tree nearest to the planned GPS coordinates.

  3. Identify the install location on the tree that is at least 3 meters above the forest floor and facing towards the sun at 12:00 noon.

  4. Tap Install, then scan the QR Code to register the Device ID. The QR Code is located on the label fixed to the back of the sensor.

    Install sensor

    Install sensor

  5. (Optional) You can add notes about the deployment location in the Notes field.

  6. Tap Save. The sensor's ID and actual location are saved to the Silvanet Cloud. The status icon for the sensor should appear dark green (Active).

    The Latitude and Longitude of the location is saved to the Deployment app. If the Smartphone has mobile connectivity, the device's GPS coordinates are immediately synced to the Silvanet Cloud; otherwise, it does so once mobile connectivity is established.

  7. If required, clear a small area of bark to allow the sensor to hang vertically.

  8. Attach the sensor to the tree using a treenail and spacer (or garden wire or temporary use only).

  9. Allow at least one day for the sensor to be fully charged.

  10. Allow 14 days for the the sensors to calibrate.

  11. With the sensor deployed, go ahead and deploy the remaining sensors using the same procedure.

See also

Detailed instructions are provided in Deploy sensors.

Step 6. Calibrate sensors

Allow the sensors to calibrate or "Settle In" for 14 days after deployment.

Attempting fire tests or expecting fire alerts before the sensors have been calibrated results in false data being sent to the Silvanet Cloud. The sensor is not ready to detect fires until calibration is completed.

  • To fully charge sensors, allow 1 day after deployment.

    Ensure you give at least one full day after deployment for the sensors to charge their superconductors.

  • To calibrate sensors, allow 14 days after sensors after deployed and charged.

    After a Silvanet sensor has been deployed, the device's low-power gas sensor requires 14 days to calibrate, that is, to "settle in" to the environment in which it has been deployed. After calibration, the gas sensor environmental readings have stabilized to an optimal level of sensitivity and ready to detect fires

After the sensors have been calibrated, you can now verify the deployment.

Warning: Do not interact with sensors

Interacting with deployed sensors after they have been calibrated and "settled in" causes errors with sensor values and could reset the sensor calibration. Furthermore, if a sensor is moved to a new location, it automatically reruns the calibration process.(1)

  1. Typical interactions that could trigger a fire detection proccess include touching sensors, moving sensors, being in close proximity to sensors, diesel vehicles and machinery operating nearby or even breathing on the sensor.

Step 7. Verify deployment

Use the Site Management app to verify the sensors are sending data to the Silvanet Cloud.

After the sensors have been calibrated for 14 days, verify the deployment using the Site Management app.

  1. Select the Site from the Sites view in the Site Management app.

  2. In the Site Dashboard, select the Sensors tab and expand the details of one of the sensors.

  3. If the sensor is active, data from the sensors should be displayed. For example, the following figure shows data received in the Silvanet Cloud in the past 5 hours. This includes air pressure, temperature, humidity and air quality. It also includes the energy level of the device.

    Verify the deployment

    Verify the deployment

Testing deployments using controlled fires

The deployment can also be tested for fire alerts using a controlled fire set in the middle of the sensors. The Silvanet System should respond to the smoke from the fire by sending fire alerts to registered users via email and displayed in the Site Management app.

For more information about setting up a controlled test, see Controlled test fires